The EU Neighbourhood and Comparative Modernisation

This paper analyses the European Union and its member states’ role in promoting democracy and human rights in its neighbourhood. The key research question is whether the European Union lives up to its rhetoric and in practice prefers multilateral to bilateral activities. The paper operates with three scenarios of possible EU action: multilateral action, bilateral action, and non-action. We present three case studies that examine the EU’s involvement in providing stability and democracy in the different regions of its neighbourhood – Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova and Morocco. Within the broad agenda of human rights and democracy support, the case studies focus on two issues: prohibition of inhuman treatment and support for political pluralism. We focus on both political and donor coordination within the EU (the internal dimension) and with other international actors (external dimension). In conclusion, the paper shows how the EU contributes (or not) to effective multilateralism in democracy and human rights promotion in the neighbouring countries asserting that, for various reasons, the effective multileral approach is rarely used by the EU in order to achieve its defined policy goals.

Documento prodotto nell'ambito del progetto Mercury, finanziato dal Settimo programma quadro dell'Unione europea.

Dati bibliografici: 
Edinburgh, MICROCON - University of Edinburgh, January 2012, 52 p. (MERCURY E-paper ; 17)
Data pubblicazione: 
20/01/2012

List of Acronyms
Introduction

Bosnia and Herzegovina - a Complex Web of International Actors: Coordination but Limited Multilateralism
The Prohibition of Inhuman Treatment and Political Pluralism
Political Level – Internal
Donor Level – Internal
Political Level - External
Donor Level – External
Coordination but Still Limited Multilateralism

Moldova - The Belated Emergence of an Unequal Relationship
The Prohibition of Inhuman Treatment and Political Pluralism
Political Level - Internal
Donor Level - Internal
Political Level - External
Donor Level – External
Emerging Multilateralism, Hidden Unilateralism?

Morocco - Limited Multilateralism and the Problem of Coordination
The Prohibition of Inhuman Treatment and Political Pluralism
Political Level – Internal
Donor Level - Internal
Political Level – External
Donor Level – External
Limited Multilateralism and the Problem of Coordination

Conclusions
References

Area di ricerca

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