EU External Action, Intention and Explanation

“Unintended consequences” is an umbrella concept. It comprises phenomena that differ in crucial respects and consequently, without refinement, it remains a rather blunt instrument for policy analysis. The contributions in this volume, however, show that disentangling unintended consequences by making clear distinctions between various types, makes the concept much more useful for policy analysis. Assessing the impact of EU foreign policies as studied in this volume, we show that “bonuses”, “windfalls”, “accidents”, and “trade-offs” – all unintended – are very different when it comes to the explanation of policy outcomes, or to allocating responsibility for them.
Keywords: EU External Action, foreign policy, unintended consequences

Dati bibliografici: 
The International Spectator, Vol. 54, No. 1 (March 2019), p. 121-129
Numero: 
54/1
ISBN/ISSN/DOI: 
10.1080/03932729.2019.1562699
Data pubblicazione: 
01/03/2019

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