Direct Democracy and Scapegoats: The Five Star Movement and Europe

Italy is one the most europhile countries in the European Union. Nevertheless, as surveys show, over the last few years anti-European sentiments have increasingly surfaced among Italian citizens. Furthermore, there is now an important novelty regarding the relation between Italy and Europe: the Five Star Movement, a new party that expresses a peculiar and contradictory position towards Europe. Its leader, Beppe Grillo, sometimes advocates more, not less, unification, but he also proposes a referendum on Italian membership of the euro. Moreover, Grillo's blog frequently lends its voice to the choir of openly anti-European sentiment. Indeed, Grillo's call for direct democracy is plebiscitarian and his positions contribute to the weakening of a European project that is already facing grave difficulties of its own.

Keywords: populism, euroscepticism, Five Star Movement, Beppe Grillo

Dati bibliografici: 
p. 53-64
Numero: 
49/1
ISBN/ISSN/DOI: 
10.1080/03932729.2014.875822
Data pubblicazione: 
28/03/2014

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