Global terrorism, irregular migration, proliferation of WMDs and piracy are all issues currently included in the EU's Mediterranean maritime security agenda. Due to the peculiar nature of these threats, the European Security Strategy claims that multilateral action is the most effective way to deal with these security threats. The involvement of regional and non-regional influential actors - both state and non-state actors - is deemed crucial. Therefore, this analysis illustrates Mediterranean institutionalised security cooperation within many regional fora: EMP/UfM, NATO Mediterranean Dialogue, the Western Mediterranean Dialogue. Finally, some concrete actions are suggested for the EU to play an effective role.
1. A Novel Approach to Security
2. Maritime Security, the EU and Mediterranean Neighbours: Defining Concepts and Roles
3. Addressing Systemic Threats to Maritime Security
4. Effective Multilateralism, the EU Maritime Security Strategy and the Mediterranean Basin
5. Other Multilateral Actors in the Mediterranean Area
5.1. The Western Mediterranean Dialogue: ‘5 plus 5’
6. Conclusions and Policy Recommendations