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Beyond Money and Diplomacy: Regional Policies of Saudi Arabia and UAE after the Arab Spring


The post-Arab Spring context created a window of opportunity for Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to reposition themselves in the region as countries capable of using not only money and diplomacy, but also military means in pursuing their regional policies. Their military interventions in Bahrain in 2011 and Yemen in 2015 uncover different aspects of the militarisation of their foreign policies. The permanence of the militarisation of their policies is, however, challenged by the type of interventionist state unfolding from these muscular policies, their domestic and regional legitimacy and the institutionalisation of this foreign policy pattern.
Keywords: Post-Arab Spring, Saudi Arabia, UAE, militarisation, foreign policy, Yemen, Bahrain