Italy in International Relations. The Foreign Policy Conundrum
This book aims to provide an overview of Italian foreign policy from the moment of unification to the establishment of the European Union. Three turning points are crucial in order to clarify Italy’s foreign policy: 1861, the proclamation of the Italian Kingdom; 1943, when Italy surrendered in World War II; 1992, the signing of the Maastricht Treaty. The international position of Italy continues to be an enigma for many observers and this fuels misinterpretations and prejudices. This book argues that Italy is different but not divergent from other European countries. Italian elites have traditionally seen foreign policy as an instrument to secure the state and import models for development. Italy can still contribute to international security and the strengthening of the EU. At the same time, Italy is not a pure adaptive country and has always maintained a critical attitude towards the international system in which it is incorporated.
2. Italy in International Relations: European Benchmark Dates and National Critical Junctures
3. March 1861. The Challenging Myth of the Post-Imperial Legacy
4. September 1943. Democratic Transition and International Adjustment
5. February 1992. Italy in a Post-Bipolar World