Geopolitics is back. A more aggressive great power competition and the disruptive effects of new technologies have given new impetus to the analysis of the impact of geography on political decisions. Over the last decade, the Mediterranean and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region have experienced profound and far-reaching social, political and economic transformations that have contributed to unprecedented levels of volatility and uncertainty. Some of these shifts have reshaped many of the traditional features of the geopolitical order in place in the region for decades, while others might have the potential to do so in the near future. Infrastructures is one of the areas where the effects of those global and regional dynamics are more visible and this is why a good grasp of the geopolitics of infrastructures can help us understand the broader geopolitical shifts in the Middle East and North Africa better. This is the main goal of this Joint Policy Study that ultimately aims to fill a gap in the scholarly work on the Mediterranean and the MENA region by delving into issues of geopolitical competition, conflict and cooperation from the point of view of the use of strategic infrastructures.
- Why Infrastructures Matter and How They Reflect Global and Regional Geopolitical Shifts in the Mediterranean and the Middle East and North Africa / Silvia Colombo, Eduard Soler i Lecha, p. 6-11
- The Mediterranean Sea and its Port System: Risk and Opportunities in a Globally Connected World / Laura Basagni, p. 12-33
- Geopolitics of Gas in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Is there Light at the End of the Tunnel? / Ahmed Kandil, p. 34-58
- What’s in a Name? MENA Flag Carriers as Instruments of Soft Power / Florence Gaub, Lotje Boswinkel, p. 60-82
- The Geopolitics of Virtual Spaces in the MENA Region: How Virtual Spaces Have become the Latest Arena for Competition and Conflicts in the Middle East / Victor Salama, p. 84-101