Symposium on the International Regime of the Sea-Bed

Proceedings of the Symposium on the International Regime of the Sea-Bed organised in Rome from 30 June to 5 July 1969 by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and sponsored by the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei.

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Rome, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 1970, xvi, 767 p.
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Publication date: 
15/12/1971

Prefazione, di Beniamino Segre, p. IX
Foreword, by Altiero Spinelli, p. XIII
Introductory Remarks, by Jerzy Sztucki, p. XIV

Part I. The Configuration of the Ocean Floor and Its Subsoil; Geopolitical Implications
The Configuration of the Ocean Floor and its Subsoil; Geopolitical Implications, by Andre J. Guilcher, p. 3
Quantitative Data on the Area of the Continental Shelf in the Americas, by H.W. Menard, p. 29
Summary of Discussion
Definitions of the Sea-Bed Areas (p. 33); Natural Features and Legal Boundaries on the Sea-Bed (p. 36); Possible Uses of Different Areas of the Sea-Bed (p. 39); National Interests and the Facts of Nature (p. 41)

Part II. The Economic Resources of the Sea-Bed
An Oceanographer's View of the Law of the Sea, by Kenneth O. Emery, p. 47
On the Mineral Resources of the Sea Floor around the Japanese Islands and the Problems of Banks and Rocks Situated outside the Continental Shelf, by Hiroshi Niinoo, p. 65
Oil and Natural Gas; Evaluation, Exploration and Exploitation of Deep Water Petroleum, by T.F. Gaskell, p. 75
International Regime of the Sea-Bed; Oil and Natural Gas – Exploration and Exploitation of Deep Water Petroleum, by Giuseppe Muscarella, p. 95
Marigenous Minerals: Wealth, Regimes and Factors of Decision, by Francis T. Christy, Jr., p. 113
Some Considerations of Living Resources Associated with the Deep Sea-Bed, by Milner D. Schaeffer, p. 155
The Living Resources of the Sea-Bed, by Sidney J. Holt, p. 85
Radioactive Solid Waste Disposal into the Oceans: Implications and Perspectives, by Carlo Polvani, p. 195
Summary of Discussion
Working Group I
Resources of the Sea-Bed, Conditions of Their Exploitation and Its Possible Economic Consequences (p. 217); Possible Conflicts of Uses·(p. 220); The Problem of Pollution (p. 222)
Working Group II
Resources of the Sea-Bed, Conditions of Their Exploitation and Its Possible Economic Consequences (p. 224); Possible Conflicts of Uses (p. 227); The Problem of Pollution (p. 229)
Working Group Ill
Resources of the Sea-Bed and Conditions of Their Exploitation (p. 233); The Problem of Pollution (p. 236)

Part Ill. The Present Regime and Possible Future Regimes of the Sea-Bed
The Present Regime of the Exploration and Exploitation of Sea-Bed Resources in International Law and in National Legislation: An Evaluation, by Edward D. Brown, p. 241
The Present Regime of the Exploration and Exploitation of Sea-Bed Resources in International Law and in National Legislation, by Francesco Durante, p. 279
Reflections on the Present and Future Regime of the Sea-Bed of the Oceans, by Gaetano Arangio-Ruiz, p. 295
Possible Future Regimes of the Sea-Bed Resources, by Emilio Bettini, p. 319
Future Regime of the Deep Ocean Floor, by Shigeru Oda, p. 343
Some General Considerations on the Need for and the Requirements of an International Regime for the Sea-Bed and the Ocean Floor, by Arvid Pardo, p. 363
Possible Future Regimes of the Sea-Bed Resources; International Regulatory Agency, by Louis B. Sohn, p. 387
Possible Future Regime of the Sea-Bed - Some Legal Aspects of the Uses of the Sea-Bed, by Andrey K. Zhudro and Anatoly L. Kolodkin, p. 407
Summary of Discussion
Working Group I
Present Legal Regime of the Sea-Bed (p. 427); Delimitation of the Continental Shelf (p. 429); Question of the Revision of the Continental Shelf Convention (p. 434); Question of the Freezing of Claims (p. 434); Purposes of a New Regime (p. 435); Principles of a New Regime (p. 436); Problem of an Intemational Machinery and of its Functions (p. 439); Question of the Type of an International Machinery (p. 444).
Working Group II
Present Legal Regime of the Sea-Bed (p. 447); Delimitation of the Continental Shelf (p. 451); Question of the Revision of the Continental Shelf Convention (p. 455); Question of the. Freezing of Claims (p. 456); Purposes and Priuciples of a New Regime of the Sea-Bed (p. 457); Problem of all" International Machinery and of its Functions (p. 464).
Working Group III
Present Legal Regime of the Sea-Bed (p. 469); Delimitation of the Continental Shelf (p. 472); Question of the Revision of the Continental Shelf Convention (p. 474); Question of the Freezing of Claims (p. 476); Need for an International Regime or Machinery for the Sea-Bed (p. 477); Purposes and Principles of an International Regime of the Sea-Bed (p. 483); Question of the Type of an International Agency (p. 491).

Part IV. The Military Uses of the Sea-Bed and Their Regime
Present Regime of the Military Uses of the Sea-Bed; Possible Regimes to be Envisaged, by Juraj Andrassy, p. 501
A Note on Bridging the Differing Soviet and American Objectives of Sea-Bed Demilitarisation, by Donald G. Brennan, p. 513
Res Nullius de Facto – The Limits of Technology, by John P. Craven, p. 519
The Military Uses of the Deep Ocean Floor and Its Subsoil – Present and "Future, by Jens Evensen, p. 535
Summary of Discussion
Working Group I
Possible Military Uses of the Sea-Bed (p. 559); Present Military Regime of the Sea-Bed and the Contemplated Area of Demilitarisation (p. 561); General Principles and Criteria of a Future Military Regime of the Sea-Bed (p. 563); Specific·Problems of a Future Military Regime of the Sea-Bed (p. 565).
Working Group II
Possible Military Uses of the Sea-Bed (p. 571); Present Military Regime of the Sea-Bed and the Contemplated Area of Demilitarisation (p. 572); General Principles and Criteria of a Future Military Regime of the Sea-Bed (p. 574); Question of Inspection and Control (p. 578).
Working Group Ill
Possible Military Uses of the Sea-Bed (p. 581); Present Military Regime of the Sea-Bed and the Contemplated Area of Demilitarisation (p. 582); General Principles and Criteria of a Future Military Regime of the Sea-Bed (p. 583); Question of Control and Organisational Arrangements (p. 586).

Part V. Scientific Research on the Sea-Bed and Its Regime
The .Legal Regime of Scientific Research on the Sea-Bed, by Leo J. Bouchez, p. 591
Scientific Research on the Sea-Bed and Its Regime, by Eberhard Menzel, p. 619
Scientific Research on the Sea-Bed; International Cooperation in Scientific Research and Exploration of the Sea-Bed, by Roger Revelle, p. 649
Summary of Discussion
Working Group I (p. 667)
Working Group II
Present Regime of Scientific Research of the Sea-Bed (p. 671); Question of a Definition of Scientific Research (p. 675); Future Regime of Scientific Research on the Sea-Bed (p. 677).
Working Group Ill
Present Regime of Scientific Research of the Sea-Bed (p. 682); Future Regime of Scientific Research on the Sea-Bed (p. 684).

Final Report
Introduction (p. 691); Summary of the Discussion (p. 693); Statement of Conclusions (p. 710)

Bibliography of the Problem of the International Regime of the Sea-Bed and Related Matters for Years 1965-1969, by Jerzy Sztucki, p. 713
List of Participants, p. 757

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