The cooperation between the European Union and the United Nations, as well as other regional organizations, is assuming an increasingly important role in the prevention of mass atrocities and implementation of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). The present report, which is the result of a joint effort between the IAI in Rome and the EUISS in Paris, has been conceived as a mapping exercise of the EU’s ongoing and potential partnerships with other international organizations (namely the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, the African Union, the Arab League, the Association of South-East Asian Nations and the Organization of American States) in these fields. The aim of the report is to assess both best practices and gaps, including areas that have not been explored or in which there is scope for improvement, in order to make policy recommendations that are relevant for all the actors involved.
Report published by IAI with the support of the EU Institute for Security Studies (EUISS).
List of Contributors
List of Abbreviations
Introduction, Luis Peral and Nicoletta Pirozzi, p. 13-16
I. EU-UN Cooperation: From Safe Altruism to Reluctant Pragmatism
1. EU-UN Cooperation: From Safe Altruism to Reluctant Pragmatism, Richard Gowan, p. 19-28
1.1. The EU, UN and R2P before Libya: selective engagement?
1.2. R2P on Europe's doorstep (Libya, Syria)
1.3. Reinforcing R2P at the UN: political debate and operational initiatives
II. EU Cooperation with Other European Organizations: A Work Not So Much in Progress
2. Cooperation with NATO on the Military Dimension: Surrendering to a "Step-by-Step" Approach, Vincenzo Camporini, p. 31-36
2.1. The state of play of EU-NATO cooperation
2.2. Turning obstacles into opportunities?
3. Organization for Cooperation and Security in Europe: Encroachment and Other Obstacles to Complementary Action, Luis Peral, p. 37-44
3.1. The OSCE's role in preventing R2P situations
3.2. EU-OSCE track record and stalemate
3.3. How to get back on track?
4. Council of Europe: How Can Prevention Be More Specific?, Ana Salinas, p. 45-50
4.1. EU-CoE cooperation in respect to the prevention of mass atrocities
4.2. Proposals for more specific preventive action
III. EU Cooperation with Regional Organizations beyond Europe: Uneven Record, Much Room for Improvement
5. Preventing and Halting Mass Atrocities in Africa: Would Enough Funding Be Enough?, Nicoletta Pirozzi, p. 53-57
5.1. Four dimensions of Africa-EU cooperation
5.2. Shortcomings of the existing partnership
6. EU-Arab League Cooperation: Opportunities Not to Be Missed, Yasmine Farouk, p. 59-64
6.1. Past unfinished experience and existing mechanisms
6.2. Major impediments
6.3. Promising indicators and fields for cooperation
7. The Incipient Development of ASEAN: A Chance for Mutual Learning, Lina A. Alexandra, p. 65-70
7.1. Action undertaken by the member states and ASEAN
7.2. Potential areas of EU-ASEAN cooperation
8. Organization of American States: Potential for Multi-Level Cooperation, Claudia Medina Aguilar, p. 71-77
8.1. R2P-related practice in Latin America
8.2. Potential for multi-level cooperation
Conclusions, Luis Peral and Nicoletta Pirozzi, p. 79-82
Annex: Elements for Potential Cooperation Between the EU and its Strategic Partners on R2P, Luis Peral, p. 83-87