Attitudes Towards Environmental Issues: Empirical Evidence in Europe and the United States
This paper compares mass and elite perceptions of environmental issues in the United States, the European Union, and Turkey. It covers four topics related to the importance of the issue area, general attitudes, the role of individuals and institutions as well as policy instruments aiming to manage environmental problems. Drawing on survey data from the last decade, there is no doubt that environmental problems are taken seriously in the US and Europe. However, personal concerns and environmental friendly attitudes can hardly be translated into concrete actions if these require financial contribution. Americans, nevertheless, appear somewhat more likely to make personal expenses for the environment than Europeans. While in general the EU is perceived as not doing enough for environmental problems, it seems to be delivering more than the American stakeholders. Turning to policy instruments, there is broad support for a wide range of actions which do not differ drastically among Europeans or Americans, the public or elites. Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is a target policy aim and specific instruments are already under consideration.
Paper produced within the framework of the IAI project Transworld.
1. Importance of Environmental Issues
2. General Attitudes towards Environmental Issues
3. The Role of the Main Stakeholders in the Area of Environmental Issues
4. Policies and Instruments Applied in the Area of Environmental Issues