In the wake of the Arab uprisings, the EU has been confronted with governance and humanitarian dilemmas stemming from the need to control migration flows from its southern neighbours. Focusing on the EU approach to migration governance, this paper explores some of the policies and discursive practices that have recently reinforced the complex interdependence between security and migration. It also discusses some of the triggers that have recently prompted an increased securitisation of the migration question in European policy-making. The last section explores whether migration governance strategies inspired by the human security paradigm could contribute to more resilient and rights-based approaches to migrant crises.
Paper produced within the framework of the New-Med Research Network, March 2016. See also: "Securitising Migration: The European Union in the Context of the Post-2011 Arab Upheavals", in The International Spectator, Vol. 51, No. 4 (December 2016), p. 67-79.
1. EU migration governance strategy and the paradigm of securitisation
2. Instruments securitising migration
2.1 Restrictive border controls, rifts over refugee distribution and reactive policies
2.2 The inter-regional perspective: Externalising migration governance and cloaking it in “human security”
3. The discursive nexus between migration and security
4. Triggers for securitisation: Geopolitical insecurities and the costs of “transferring sovereignty” in times of crisis
5. Desecuritising migration?
5.1 Debates on migration
5.2 Knowledge production on migration
5.3 Global responses