The MENARA Project studies the geopolitical order in the making in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), identifies the driving forces behind it, sheds light on bottom-up dynamics and assesses the implications of these processes on the EU and its policies towards the region. This document summarises the findings of the MENARA research on material factors. It identifies key current and future choke points that emanate from material factors in the MENA region, be they environmental, demographic, economic or military.
Evidence and Analysis
Policy Implications and Recommendations