The Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) signed in December 2015 resulted in some relative stabilization and improvement of the security situation of the country, especially in Tripoli. Yet, it has not brought the political and institutional divisions to an end. The diplomatic focus put on revising the LPA during 2017 has shed light on the vested interest in the status quo of some powerful armed groups linked to politicians and businessmen. This entails the risk of a new armed confrontation between rival groups in the near future. It also highlights the necessity of increased diplomatic focus on Libya’s economic rehabilitation.