Resilience in the Egyptian context can be defined as a process of reform through which the state and society are more capable of overcoming political, social, economic and security crises without threatening social stability or weakening political legitimacy. Three main challenges are slowing the process of achieving state and societal resilience in Egypt. These include deteriorating living conditions, radicalism and terrorism, and the difficulty in working out a sound balance between security needs and political freedoms. A number of actors are nonetheless working to strengthen state and societal resilience in Egypt.
Paper produced in the framework of a project entitled “The EU’s New Resilience Agenda in the MENA Region”, November 2017.
1. Resilience against what?
2. Deteriorating living conditions
3. Radicalism and terrorism
4. Security vs. political freedoms