The final outcome of the wave of anti-authoritarian protests in several
countries of North Africa and the Middle East, which have come to be known as
the Arab Spring, remains uncertain. The Arab Spring might turn into summer if
popular demonstrations succeed in establishing democracy; or it can backtrack to
winter, if counter-revolutionary forces resist change. Nonetheless, the Arab
world will look quite different from what it was prior to the revolts.
Accordingly, external actors, and particularly the US and the EU, have had, and
will continue to have, to adjust. So far the West's response to the Arab
Spring has been ambivalent. On the one hand, the West finds it hard not to
sympathise with the demands of the 'Arab street': an end to authoritarian
and arbitrary rule, popular representation, rule of law, social justice, an end
to corruption. On the other hand, Western countries are wary of the potential
outcome of revolutionary change in the Arab world, since it might evolve into a
system of regional relations less compatible with its preferences than it used
to be in the past. Collecting the differing views of experts from the US, the EU
and Arab countries, this volume intends to contribute to the international
debate concerning the West's approach to the epochal change occurring across
Proceedings of the fourth edition
of the Transatlantic Security Symposium, held in Rome at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on September 12th 2011.
Riccardo Alcaro is Research Fellow at the
Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and project manager of the Transatlantic
Security Symposium series.
Miguel Haubrich-Seco is Marie Curie PhD Fellow
on EU external relations. He was Research Assistant at IAI from March to October 2011
in the framework of the EU-wide training programme EXACT.
Riccardo Alcaro, Issandr El Amrani, Muriel Asseburg, Silvia Colombo, Ahmed
Driss, Khaled Elgindy, Miguel Haubrich-Seco, Steven Heydemann, Robert Springborg, Nathalie Tocci.
Table of Contents
List of Contributors
List of Abbreviations
Introduction. Bouazizi's Inextinguishable Fire,
1. Embracing the Change, Accepting the Challenge?
Western Response to the Arab Spring, Steven Heydemann
2. The US Response to the Arab Uprising:
Leadership Missing, Robert Springborg
3. The US Response to the Arab Uprising:
Part of the Problem?, Issandr El Amrani
4. The EU Response to the Arab Uprising:
Old Wine in New Bottles?, Silvia Colombo and Nathalie Tocci
5. The EU Response to the Arab Uprising:
A Show of Ambivalence, Ahmed Driss
6. Coordinating the Transatlantic Response to the Arab Uprising:
Lessons from the Middle East Quartet, Khaled Elgindy
7. Coordinating the Transatlantic Response to the Arab Uprising:
An Agenda for Sustainable Development, Muriel Asseburg
of the Transatlantic Security Symposium 2011, Miguel Haubrich-Seco