The European Union and its neighbourhood
Director: Nathalie Tocci
Senior researcher: Michele Comelli,
Researchers: Silvia Colombo,
Programme & Events assistant: Nathalie Champion
A growing area of research in IAI is the EU and its neighbourhood.
The rationale for this programme is two-fold. On
the one hand, it stems from the EU's enlargement process, which
has led the Union to define (and redefine) a neighbourhood policy.
On the other hand, it is driven by the geopolitical
transformations in the Middle East and Eurasia, which have key
consequences for transatlantic relations and for the EU's
international relations in a multipolar world.
The institute's increasing interest in this area is reflected in research projects,
events and publications that are both regional and thematic in
nature. Geographically, IAI follows closely developments in Turkey,
including domestic politics, foreign policy and relations with the
EU and the US; the Cyprus conflict; EU relations with Russia and
the Caucasus; the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and EU relations
with the southern Mediterranean and the Middle East. Thematically,
the programme focuses on conflict resolution, democracy,
development and the role of civil society, sub-regional
cooperation, and the EU's role in fostering regional multilateralism.
The principal donor of this programme is the European Commission.
Projects in progress
EU AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION
CORE - Cultures of governance and conflict resolution in
Europe and India
The project aims to analyse how socio-economic and political intra-state conflicts
are being perceived and dealt with through current governance initiatives in India and the EU.
Through concrete case studies, it assesses the effect and impact of governance initiatives on conflicts
where issues of identity mobilization and minority rights are prominent. The case studies of the
project encompass recent governance practices in Bihar, Bosnia, Cyprus, Georgia, North East India and Kashmir.
These studies are conducted in collaboration between Indian and European research teams.
EU engagement with civil society organisations in conflict-ridden countries
Peacebuilding in Europe and India: theory and practice
Opening the Russian–Georgian railway link through Abkhazia
Systematic survey report for cases
Final analysis report
and Society Brief
preparation background report
of fieldwork (1st round) in Georgia/Abkhazia
and European cultures of governance in Georgia and Abkhaz conflict resolution
The Autonomy of South Tyrol: A Model for Conflict Resolution in the Post-Soviet Space?
The project coordinated by IAI in cooperation with the University of Trento and the Center for Strategic Studies (SAM) in Baku aims to analyse the legal framework of the autonomy statute of South Tyrol by identifying the principal points of the model as well as the way in which it was achieved and test the possible applicability of its rationale to the Abkhaz and Nagorno-Karabakh conflict cases.
In order to reach this final goal the project will tackle the statute of the de facto states during Soviet times, examining how the rights of ethnic minorities were defined and how their relationships with their respective socialist republics were regulated. With this, the research will try to understand what were the shortcomings of the Soviet model of autonomy that caused their disaffection and violence. In the post war period, various peace proposals have been drafted by the governments of the metropolitan states. However, none were successful or at least attractive for further discussion.
The final phase of the research will be to analyse whether there are some principles of the South Tyrol model which could be integrated into existing (or new) peace proposals in order to make these more attractive to the conflict parties.
30 November 2012: seminar on "The autonomy of Trentino/South Tyrol: A model for conflict resolution in the post-Soviet space?"
27 September 2012: seminar on "Assessing the peace process over Nagorno-Karabakh"
EU AND MULTILATERALISM
Azerbaijan, Caucasus and the EU: Towards Close Cooperation?
IAI launches a series of roundtables aiming at discussing the principal policy issues regarding Azerbaijan and more broadly the South Caucasus in the EU. The project will focus on the three macro themes regarding the region: the Nagorno Karabakh conflict, energy security and democratization in the eastern neighbourhood in the light of the revolts in the south. The series of roundtables will be concluded by a final conference in Rome, debating EU policy (from the ENP to the EaP) in the South Caucasus. How does political instability and the security deficit in the South Caucasus threaten the EU? What are the prospects for the EU to deepen or alter its “indirect” methods of conflict resolution in areas such as good governance, the rule of law, elections, the media and civil society development in the South Caucasus? The project foresees the publication (online) of the working papers presented on the roundtables. Revised versions of the papers will be published in a book.
Implications of Turkish-Azerbaijani relations for regional security and development, by B.Gültekin Punsmann
Azerbaijan's foreign policy and the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, by E.Fuller
Russia plays on Azerbaijan's insecurity but sinks into its own troubles, by P.K.Baev
Azerbaijan's foreign policy: between East and West, by K.Makili-Aliyev
Azerbaijan in transition, by J.Hölscher
The quest for political reform in Azerbaijan: what role for the transatlantic community?, by A.Valiyev
The South East Europe Pipeline: greater benefit for a greater number of actors, by E.Soltanov
After Kazan, a defining moment for the OSCE Minsk process, by D.Sammut
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: current trends and future scenarios, by F.Ismailzade
26 September 2013: seminar on "Azerbaijani gas arrives in Italy: What future for the European energy security?"
11 July 2013: seminar on "Armenia and Azerbaijan: deadlock over Karabakh"
4 April 2013: conference on "Gender balance and the role of women in Azerbaijan"
30 January 2013: conference on "Azerbaijan in a multipolar world: challenges and opportunities"
8 November 2012: seminar on "Azerbaijan's foreign policy priorities: regional and European dimension"
29 May 2012: seminar on "Economic transition in Azerbaijan and relations with Italy"
14 February 2012: conference on "Democratic institutions and human rights in Azerbaijan: what role for the transatlantic community?"
2 November 2011: conference on "Azerbaijan's energy diplomacy and Western competition over Caspian gas"
11 July 2011: seminar on "The future of mediation on Nagorno-Karabakh"
Turkey, Europe and the World: Political, Economic and Foreign Policy Dimensions of Turkey's Evolving Relationship with the EU
MEDPRO - Prospective analysis for the Mediterranean region
(see section: Mediterranean and Middle East)